first_imgWhat is BIM?Building information modelling (BIM) is a platform to allow the digital mapping of the layout and functional characteristics of a building using 3D computer technology. It is a tool which informs the design and construction phase of a building project and also the occupation and management phase once built.Why does BIM represent a cyber security risk?BIM relies on inputs from numerous designers and contractors, either working on their own models which are then consolidated (level 2) or all working on the same model which is accessed and adapted by the various parties (level 3).It allows for fully automated connectivity between the numerous parties involved in a construction project and relies on web stored information to facilitate this access, with a central repository for the storage and sharing of the requisite data. Having a single central repository carries a number of risks as it can increase the risk of accidental sharing of commercially sensitive information and intellectual property. Also, by allowing access to numerous parties the integrity and availability of the information could also be at risk and, in addition, BIM might also increase the risk of data manipulation and sabotage.The information held on BIM might be of interest for reconnaissance of the building for criminal purposesAny web-based platform is susceptible to being infiltrated and manipulated or destroyed by a third party, but the increased risk from BIM level 3 is that everyone is working on a single integrated model and therefore require similar levels of read/write access. This means that not only is there a risk from external agents, but also the numerous internal agents who may have malicious intent or abuse their privileges for their own gain.In terms of external threats, the information held on BIM might be of interest for reconnaissance of the building for criminal purposes or may simply become a target to online criminals looking for commercial gain by exploiting intellectual property or holding the information to ransom. Competitors may also seek to gain access to steal intellectual property or steal or leak commercially sensitive or confidential information. They may also want to sabotage the project, to delay or prevent the building progressing.As the model is intended to last the whole of the asset’s lifecycle, it will need to contain more detailed information in relation to the location and properties of sensitive assets or systems within the building. This might include the security of a built asset, including physical access or security system configuration such as keyless door entry or CCTV.While less sensitive than security systems, having access to detailed information about building management systems, which can be used to control heating and lighting, could still provide the ability to significantly disrupt the use of the building.What can be done?It is important to include appropriate provisions in contracts and the BIM protocol to require all parties to take the necessary steps to mitigate the risk of cyber crime.Depending on the level of sensitivity it might be necessary to implement restricted access to the model to limit the ability of certain parties accessing specific parts of the model which are not necessary for their role.Although this will not completely eliminate the risk of unauthorized access, it might limit the scope of access by certain entry methods. Alternatively access rights or sharing rights should be appropriately limited to specified parties; so for example, those subcontractors without formal subcontracts or who have not signed up to the BIM protocol may not be given access and the inputting of their design elements will be the responsibility of the main contractor.In terms of access control, multi-factor authentication, whereby access is only granted following two or more authentication steps is increasingly common and should be encouraged as it reduces the risk of unauthorized third party access.Ensuring proper password protocols are implemented is also important to ensure that users are required to use strong passwords and to change them at regular intervals.Depending on the parties involved, it may also be possible and advisable to further restrict access using location based technology or internet protocol (IP) access control.Finally, as it is not possible to completely guard against the risk of cyber crime, it will be important to foster a culture of security awareness throughout the project team.Jill Hamilton and Edward Spencer are senior associates at Taylor Wessing. For more information on the firm’s cyber security team go to read more

first_img Share Share Share Sharing is caring! FeaturedLocalNews PUBLIC ASKED TO COMPLY WITH WASTE ENTITY DURING DERELICT VEHICLE DRIVE by: – August 19, 2020center_img Tweet 87 Views   no discussions The General Manager of the Dominica Solid Waste Management Corporation (DSWMC), Florian MitchelThe General Manager of the Dominica Solid Waste Management Corporation (DSWMC), Florian Mitchel is appealing to the general public to comply with the waste entity who has embarked on a National Derelict Vehicle Removal Campaign.Persons who possess derelict vehicles and fail to comply could be taken before the court.The campaign which began on June 30, 2020 is targeting the removal of 500 derelict vehicles across Dominica by December 31, 2020.So far, close to 200 derelict vehicles have already been dealt with by the waste entity.Mitchel said the Corporation is trying to do a community service and warned defiant members of the public that if they don’t comply the DSWMC will be forced to take another, more serious, course of action.“The government made the equipment available. We have a crane truck, we have a flatbed truck through ODM, the minister of national security, the minister of finance,” Mitchel said.“Solid waste is basically the entity driving the project but you have all the parent ministries; environment, ODM, national security, ministry of finance.”He described the effort as ‘extending an olive leaf’. Mitchel noted that they are removing the derelict vehicles at no cost to the owners. However, he had this message to those he classified as ‘defiant’.“The vehicles that we getting issues with that we have identified as abandoned vehicles, and we have not received or are not getting compliance from these individuals, we will take them before the court.”He went on to say that the court will then “basically instruct that [the individual] move it and be fined.“So that is the next course of action, but we do not want to go that way. What we’re saying is we could remove it for you,” he added.“And that is what we saying to people, your health is important and you cannot put a dollar value on your health. So, if we could play our part in ridding the nature isle of those unwanted or those abandoned vehicles in terms of our health it is going to preserve out health.”He also took the opportunity to caution the general public of the risk of Zika and Chikungunya due to the fact that these vehicles can serve as breeding grounds for pests and vermin.  According to him, all this could be avoided of people just allow the waste management entity to remove it.last_img read more

first_imgSamatta was the top goalscorer in the Jupiler League last season and has earned more recognition this season with seven goals in 20 games so far.Three of those have come in the Champions League, including a goal at Anfield in the 2-1 defeat to Liverpool and that has earned him plenty of attention.Clubs around Europe are looking at him as a potential signing, and according to Het Laatste Nieuws, West Brom are one of them.Embed from Getty ImagesHLN report the Baggies are one of four clubs in England (the other being Brighton, Crystal Palace and Norwich) to have ‘closely followed’ Samatta’s progress and ‘would be interested’ in signing him this month.Genk are hoping the player will stay but know that there is interest and an amount ‘around ten million’ would make them sit down and negotiate a move.West Brom may have to work hard to get Samatta to England if they do want him this month though.While he is keen on the move, EU work permit regulations are likely to hold him back, with a special committee likely to be needed to decide whether he could get a work permit to make the move to the Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksTrending TodayForge of Empires – Free Online GameBuild a Beautiful City and Play With Your FriendsForge of Empires – Free Online GameUndo聽多多 Hearmore.asia1969年前出生的香港居民現可免費試戴頂尖的歐洲助聽器聽多多 Hearmore.asiaUndoCNN with DBS BankThe New Role Banks Are PlayingCNN with DBS BankUndoSmart Tech TrendOver 55? You Have to Try Those Revolutionary Glasses!Smart Tech TrendUndoHero WarsGetting this Treasure is impossible! Prove us wrong!Hero WarsUndoLoans | Search AdsNeed a loan? Search hereLoans | Search AdsUndoGrepolis – Online Free GameGamers Around the World Have Been Waiting for this Game! Already 35 Million PlayersGrepolis – Online Free GameUndoTheTopFiveVPNEnjoy Netflix Now Without Any RestrictionsTheTopFiveVPNUndoSingles50Hong Kong: A 40+ Dating Site That Actually Works!Singles50Undo West Bromwich Albion are keen on Genk striker Mbwana Samatta but may have to fight through work permit issues to get him.last_img read more

first_img The Irish Show Jumping team of Cian O’Connor, Paul O’Shea, Shane Sweetnam and Darragh Kenny, managed by Rodrigo Pessoa, have finished third in today’s (Friday) Longines FEI Nations Cup of Ireland, where Britain claimed the the Aga Khan trophy for a record 27th time. Today’s result means Ireland have safely qualified for the lucrative Nations Cup World Final in Barcelona, where a coveted Olympic team qualification place will be up for grabs.Limerick’s Paul O’Shea and Skara Glen’s Machu Picchu jumped a fantastic double clear round in the Aga Khan at the Dublin Horse Show where Ireland finished third (Photo: Sonya Dempsey)Meath’s Cian O’Connor got Ireland underway with the Ronnoco Jump-owned PSG Final and they finished with four faults picked up at the vertical after the water. Limerick’s Paul O’Shea with the Machu Picchu Partners-owned Skara Glen’s Machu Picchu then delivered a brilliant clear round to the delight of the home fans. Third to go for Ireland, Cork’s Shane Sweetnam with Chaqui Z, who is owned by Spy Coast Farm LLC finished with one fence down for four faults. Ireland’s anchor rider, Offaly’s Darragh Kenny with Important De Muze, owned by Kerry Anne LLC, kept all the fences standing however a foot in the water saw them finish on four faults.That left Ireland in a share of third place at the halfway stage on eight faults, with Britain out in front on zero ahead of Italy in second on four faults.In the second round, Cian O’Connor finished with one fence down and a time fault. Paul O’Shea then boosted Irish hopes by completing a fantastic double clear round with Skara Glen’s Machu Picchu which drew Ireland level with Italy in second at that stage while Britain continued to hold the lead. Shane Sweetnam looked to be heading for a clear but picked up four faults at the first part of the combination, while Darragh Kenny also finished with four faults when last to go. That left Ireland on a final score of 16 faults in third place.A hugely impressive performance saw Britain claim the Aga Khan trophy for a record 27th time when they finished on a final score of just one time fault. Italy finished second on 12 faults ahead of Ireland in third. Switzerland finished fourth on 21 ahead of Netherlands in fifth (24), Mexico in sixth (33), and Sweden in seventh (41).The result saw Ireland finish in third place on the Longines FEI Nations Cup league table with a total of 330 points – just 10 points behind joint winners Switzerland and Italy, meaning Ireland have comfortably qualified for the 2019 Nations Cup World Final which will be held in Barcelona in October. France, Belgium and Sweden have also made it through to the final, while Britain’s Aga Khan win saw they take the last of the seven qualifying places by a tiny margin of just five points. Germany, Netherlands and Austria meanwhile have missed out on a place in the World Final.Before that however, Irish focus now turns to the hugely important 2019 Longines FEI European Show Jumping Championships in Rotterdam (NED) which get underway on Wednesday August 21st. Three team places for the 2020 Olympic Games will be on offer, with Ireland looking to qualify a Show Jumping team for the first time since Athens in 2004.The Dublin Horse Show continues on Saturday where the highlight will be the Land Rover Puissance, while the show will come to a close on Sunday following the Longines Grand Prix of Ireland.The Irish Show Jumping team is sponsored by Devenish & The Underwriting ExchangeEquiline – Official athlete clothing supplier of Team Ireland Equestrian 9 August 2019, 18:46 Ireland finish third in Aga Khan to book place in Nations Cup World Final as Britain lift the trophy Home  »  General  »  Ireland finish third in Aga Khan to book place in Nations Cup World Final as Britain lift the trophy Tags:last_img read more

first_imgManchester City maintained their irresistible Premier League charge, offering no let-up in their all-conquering season with a record 15th successive league win as they outclassed struggling Swansea City 4-0 on Wednesday.Pep Guardiola’s side, fresh from defeating their closest chasers Manchester United on Sunday, were at their dazzling best against the league’s bottom club, easing to victory with David Silva’s double and goals from Kevin De Bruyne and Sergio Aguero.Swansea, who remain rooted to the foot of the table, offered a brief illusion of being in the contest but it was over once Silva had flicked the visitors ahead superbly after 27 minutes and De Bruyne netted from a free kick in the 34th.As City eased towards a 25th Premier League match unbeaten, Silva could have had a hat-trick, missing an easy chance before linking superbly with Raheem Sterling in the 52nd minute, and Aguero finished the rout five minutes from full-time.Elsewhere, Wayne Rooney’s first-half goal lifted Everton to a 1-0 Premier League win over Newcastle and continued their revival under manager Sam Allardyce.Rooney struck in the 27th minute, turning in a rebound from close range to secure Everton’s first away league victory in 17 games.Newcastle pressed hard for an equaliser in the second half and Mohamed Diame went close but Ashley Williams could have doubled Everton’s lead, only to be denied by a fine save from Karl Darlow.Everton consolidated their position in the top half of the table while Newcastle, who had midfielder Jonjo Shelvey sent off in stoppage time, stayed close to the relegation zone following their seventh defeat in eight games.last_img read more