first_imgRay Maota The Y chromosome (on the right) ispresent only in male DNA.(Image: Science Photo Library) A forensic scientist examines clothingfor DNA.(Image: Center for Genetics and Society)MEDIA CONTACTS• Luthando TyhalibongoMedia Relations Officer, UWC+27 21 959 2625A kit that can help identify male rapists has been developed by researchers under the leadership of Prof Sean Davidson at the forensic DNA laboratory at the University of the Western Cape (UWC).The Y chromosome research at the UWC’s Department of Biotechnology, which led to the kit, could also help exclude innocent men mistaken as perpetrators.DNA is the abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid, a chemical found in almost every cell in the human body which carries genetic information passed on from one generation to the next.Dr Eugenia D’Amato, a research scientist at the UWC’s DNA forensic lab, said: “The findings and results had been welcomed by the international forensics community and had been hailed by UWC as a feather in its cap and a giant step forward for justice and rape victims in South Africa.”The research took three years to complete and started with the isolation of genetic information in the Y chromosome, present only in male DNA. The research results have enabled the narrowing down of the aggressor to a range of father, son and brother.Davidson said: “Forensic pathologists could pick up male DNA more easily in a rape case, and this made it more useful in identifying the rapist, with investigators able to narrow down the range of possible aggressors.“The technology is also good at excluding innocent men.”Similar kits previously available in the US and Europe could not be used by the South African police (SAP), so this prompted local research. The overseas kits didn’t incorporate the genetic diversity of African populations and were therefore unsuitable for testing on South African individuals.The SAP uses kits that identify both male and female DNA, and this new kit will supplement them.Davidson said: “The UWC research team looked at local regions with high gene variability between individuals, and the kit they developed was thoroughly tested against South Africa’s different population groups.”Although the kit is not yet commercially available, the UWC will publish a database of African populations’ genetic profiles shortly.A DNA profile is a unique set of numbers obtained from a person’s DNA and acts as a kind of personal identification number. Profiling can also be used to show how people are related and to identify human remains.Y-DNA research“Identification of spermatozoa is the biological evidence most often sought in specimens from rape victims,” according to Forensic Science International.“Absence of spermatozoa usually terminates biological investigations, and the victim’s testimony can be contested.”This basically means that when a rape victim is examined by a doctor, sperm from the perpetrator is the first thing that they look for and its absence on the victim could put the case in jeopardy.Forensic Science International is a journal that publishes different scientific disciplines connected to the forensic sciences such as biochemistry and toxicology.Association with TutuThe UWC was established in 1959, first taking the name of the University College of the Western Cape.The university held a seminar on Y-DNA on 10 March 2011 to explain how its findings can help solve criminal cases.The seminar was attended by international experts from the University of Porto, Oxford University, University of Buenos Aires and the University of Berlin. All experts presented results of their research related to African populations.Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu, who has been chancellor of the university for nearly two decades, said at his send-off on 9 March 2011: “I have been chancellor of this splendid university for longer than you can care to remember and it has been a great privilege to be associated with this outstanding institution.”last_img read more

first_imgJuventus are monitoring Spanish youngster Ferran Torres, according to reports, joining a long list of suitors. The 19-year old, who plays for Valencia and is on duty with Spain’s U-21 team, is being observed by Juve’s scouts, claim Torres has made 12 appearances for Valencia this season, and scored once. He made his debut for the club in December 2017. Born in 2000, the right winger has a release clause of €100m, and his contract expires in June 2021. The imminent winding down of the deal means he could be available at a lowered price-tag. He has already been linked with Borussia Dortmund, Liverpool and Barcelona. Watch Serie A live in the UK on Premier Sports for just £11.99 per month including live LaLiga, Eredivisie, Scottish Cup Football and more. Visit: read more

first_imgCollege Spun staff picks for week 12 of the 2015 college football spun staff picks week 12Last week, four top ten teams – Baylor, Stanford, LSU and Utah – fell, further complicating the College Football Playoff picture. The Pac-12, which no longer features a team with less than two losses, is in trouble. The Big 12, meanwhile, is looking more likely to see one of its squads qualify for the event. And then there’s Notre Dame, which may very well finish 11-1 and find itself on the outside looking in.This week, despite most of the SEC scheduling cupcakes, we’ve got some great games. LSU takes on Ole Miss. USC and Oregon meet. Baylor and Oklahoma State will tangle. Oklahoma will look to stay hot against TCU. And of course, Michigan State heads to Columbus to take on Ohio State.Matt Hladik is still our leader, but he isn’t in the clear yet. Here’s who we have this week:week 12 picks 1week 12 picks 2week 12 picks 3Who do you have?last_img read more

first_imgOTTAWA — The Prime Minister’s Office says Justin Trudeau spoke today with his Kenyan counterpart about the Ethiopian Airlines crash that killed everyone on board, including 18 Canadians.Among the passengers were 32 Kenyans.Trudeau’s office says the prime minister and Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta traded condolences to friends and families of the victims.Trudeau also told Kenyatta that Canada is offering support for the ongoing investigation into what downed the airplane minutes after takeoff from Addis Ababa.The brief readout of the call from Trudeau’s office says the two agreed to share information on the investigation going forward.Sunday’s crash of a Boeing 737 Max 8 airplane killed all 157 passenger and crew on board the Nairobi-bound flight, and prompted a number of countries, including China and the United Kingdom, to ground the jets pending an investigation. The Canadian Presslast_img read more

first_imgCommunity members were nominated in seven separate categories, from awards for Literacy to the Mayor’s Citizen of the Year.Guest speakers for the night included local writer Ronnie Pelletier and local business manager Chad Chappell, with a musical performance by Airik Clark.Mayor Lori Ackerman gave congratulations and thanks to all the nominees and recipients for their continued hard work and dedication to the community.“First of all, I want to give a huge congratulations to absolutely everyone in this room because if you weren’t a winner or nominated, you’re supporting someone so good for you.”Recipients:Recipient of the Literacy Award was Connie Greyeyes-Dick. Runner-ups were Jessica Kalman and Tammy Watson. FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – The City of Fort St. John held the 12th Annual Community Awards Night at the Lido Theatre on Thursday.It was an evening to celebrate community members that provide excellent work ethic and service to make a difference in Fort St. John.Judges for the night were Councillors Trevor Bolin, Becky Grimsrud, and Director of Recreation & Leisure Services Karin Carlson. Connie’s sister Holly accepted the award on her behalf.The winner of the Humanitarian Award was Sherri Mytopher. Runner-ups were Denise Cornet Cooper and Jennifer Pimm.Sherri Mytopher, Humanitarian Award winnerRecipient of the Cultural Award was Sandy Troudt. Runner-up was Emry Mika.center_img Sandy Troudt, Cultural Award winnerAlly Peever received the Youth Award. Runner-ups were 1st Fort St. John Scouts and Emma Lavigne.Ally Peever, Youth Award winnerRecipient of the Recreation Award was Annika Hedican. Runner-ups were Connie Richter and Elena Warkentin.Annika Hedican, Recreation Award winnerThe Lifetime Achievement Award went to Gail Weber. Runner-up was Andy Ackerman.Gail Weber, Lifetime Achievement Award winnerPaul van Nostrand was the recipient of the Mayor’s Citizen of the Year.Paul van Nostrand, Mayor’s Citizen of the Yearlast_img read more

first_imgFORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – On Wednesday, September 18, 2019, at 7:00 pm the RCMP received a report that a vehicle had struck two pedestrians in the 10100 block of 98th Ave, then fled the scene.The RCMP report all on-duty officers including the Crime Reduction Unit and Drug Section members flooded the scene along with two RCMP Collision Reconstructionists.EMS immediately attended and confirmed the two adults (26-year-old man, 31-year-old woman), were pronounced deceased at the scene. According to the RCMP, shortly after 10:00 pm the suspect believed to be involved in this incident surrendered himself and the suspect vehicle has been seized.If anyone who may have witnessed this incident but have not yet spoken with RCMP, call 250-787-8100.Names of the deceased (both residents of Fort St. John) will not be released by the RCMP and no further information supplied to protect the integrity of the investigation.last_img read more

first_imgDespite the growing prevalence of Diabetes in our country, the understanding of the clinical condition remains limited. It is largely assumed by people with Diabetes that high blood sugar is caused due to sugar and this naturally gets translated into an ‘I don’t’ take sugar in my tea’ expression. Many, instead, switch to the use of artificial sweeteners which are even more harmful. Why there is inadequate knowledge about a condition which affects so many people still remains a mystery. Also, why has health education not been able to keep pace with the growing prevalence and why do health professionals (doctor’s, dietitians, diabetes educators, podiatrists etc.) give diverse advice rather an official, approved, up to date set of guidelines to each person diagnosed with Diabetes, across the Health Care System at all levels, remains unknown. Also Read – Remembering Sudhir PhadkeThose affected need to understand that Diabetes is a lifestyle disorder. In simple words, how we lead our everyday lives affects how our body manages its blood sugar. Lifestyle comprises of your food, exercise routine, daily activity, sleep pattern, stress management skills and emotional health. Creating harmony at each level will help enhance the quality of life. For Diabetes care and management, each one of the above parameters are crucial – through different pathways in the body, each affects how our body manages its blood glucose. Also Read – YOUR HEALTHY FESTIVE PALATETo gather a better understanding, lets discuss strategies for Diabetes care and management under three pillars – Nutrition, Exercise and Sleep Nutrition We are what we eat. The importance of eating right cannot be overemphasised, this is also because this is the activity we perform three or four times in a day. A meal with all its macros balanced allows for optimum digestion without spiking blood sugar. A traditional, freshly prepared meal with seasonal produce comes handy in getting this parameter right. Avoid processed, packaged food options, salads or smoothies as main meal options. These lack in nutritive quotient and burden the body with added chemicals in the form of additives, colourants, emulsifiers, preservatives etc. Breakfast options can include freshly prepared regional recipes of poha, upma, dalia, idli, dal cheela, parantha, egg and roti. Add seasonal vegetables to these and cook using traditional oils like Mustard Oil, Sesame Oil, Coconut Oil or Ground Nut Oil. Avoid vegetable oils. Vegetable oils are high in Omega 6 and inflammatory in nature. For lunch and dinner, stick to one staple cereal you have grown up eating and have it with dal (lentils) or beans or meat along with seasonal vegetables. You could add curd/buttermilk and salad to complete the meal. How you eat is as important as what you eat. Practice mindful eating. Chew your food slowly. The act of slowing the speed down while eating helps in keeping the portion size regulated. When we eat with distractions like eating while watching TV, checking mobile, reading newspaper, we tend to eat more. For in between snacks, stick to options like nuts, peanuts, chana, paneer, a bowl of curd with fruits or seeds. Exercise Any kind of physical activity that keeps your heart rate elevated for a period of time is termed as exercise. Popularly, people engage in walks. Target achieving a goal of 10,000 steps in a day. Work towards staying active. For every 30 minutes of being seated, take 2-3 minutes to stretch, walk around, this is known to fight insulin resistance. Creating a better environment in the body helps regulate blood sugar. Consistency is key: No matter what type of exercise you engage in, you need to stay consistent. Being enthusiastic one day and then letting go does no good to Diabetes. Therefore, stay consistent. If some form bores you out, try something new, but don’t stop working out. Build in a weekly schedule to include variety. Weight Training: Loss of strength is one of the driving factors to insulin resistance. The contribution weight training has towards combating insulin resistance cannot be emphasised enough. Usually considered a form for young boys who want to pump up, it is often surrounded with speculations for women. But weight training has the ability to bring down high blood sugar levels and maintain that for the next 48-72 hours. This is because when you do strength training exercises that target muscles, your body uses glucose from your bloodstream to power them, which can help clear excess sugar from your system. It improves the body’s ability to manage sugar. Engage in strength training twice a week. You could use resistance bands, free weights or do machine assisted workouts in this category. Sleep Sleep is the most underrated aspect of a healthy lifestyle. Health enthusiasts only focus on diet and exercise and rarely consider sleep as a contributory factor to improved health. Sleep gives our body the time to repair. The immune system, our bodies’ repair system, is strengthened by sleep. Lack of sleep is associated with raised levels of the stress hormone, cortisol. Cortisol triggers insulin resistance. Sleep deprivation also lowers satiety signals in the body, thereby increasing appetite, which translates as bigger portions. And, as already discussed above, bigger portions lead to high blood glucose and circulating insulin. In a physiological environment of high cortisol and insulin, insulin resistance is heightened. A good quality sleep helps in balancing hormones in the body. It helps in detoxification both at the physiological and mental level and improves lymphatic function. It wouldn’t be wrong to say that the effort put towards achieving better health during the day (diet and exercise), only begin to manifest with a good sleep routine. Have a stable routine of bedtime and wake up time for 80 per cent of a week and plan ahead for late nights (if any) in advance. Taking your body in confidence and preparing ahead of time ensures that we don’t leave to chance important measures like meals, exercise and stabilise the hormonal balance of the body. In a nutshell, Diabetes management cannot be oversimplified to the elimination of sugar from tea! It is a lifestyle disorder and all aspects of our life need to be modified with simple, practical and doable tips to improve and even reverse this condition. All the above guidelines serve as means of prevention from Diabetes too.last_img read more

first_imgOudh 1590, Kolkata’s favourite period dining restaurant, now opens its door in Jessore Road, thus making it Kolkata’s first fine dining restaurant that’s recreating a period. The restaurant was inaugurated recently by renowned actor Soham Chakraborty in the presence of Shiladitya Chaudhury and Debaditya Chaudhury, Partners, Oudh 1590.Ever since the maiden outlet was opened in 2013 at Deshapriya Park in South Kolkata, Oudh 1590 conquered the heart of the discerning food lovers. Also Read – An income drop can harm brainThis is the fourth outlet which will offer the best Awadhi cuisine of the city for the patrons of North East Kolkata. Oudh 1590 here also will serve the unmatched delicacies like Galawati Kabab, Kakori Kabab, Nalli Nehari for their patrons throughout the year. Other speciality items to look forward to will be Awadhi Handi Biryani, Rann Biryani, Metiabruz Biryani, Chicken Qalmi Kabab, Paneer Rezala, Shahi Tukra and Firni among a wide variety of non-vegetarian and vegetarian delicacies which the menu boasts off. Also Read – Shallu Jindal honoured with Mahatma Award”Opening an outlet of Oudh 1590 in Jessore Road was in our mind since long as there have been requests galore from the patrons residing in and around the Eastern part of the city. We have been overwhelmed by the ever increasing demand for the Awadhi cuisine that we serve at Oudh 1590 and with this new outlet we continue with our promise of providing a wide array of delectable Awadhi delicacies with top-notch service”, said Shiladitya Chaudhury and Debaditya Chaudhury, Partners, Oudh 1590. Spread over an area of 2000 sq ft, this 80 cover restaurant can be said to replicate a mini Awadh that the partners aimed at creating. New Kaarigars have been brought from Lucknow for this restaurant and they have been adequately trained to maintain the ‘Dum Pukht’ style of cooking that Oudh 1590 has become famous for. Like all the other outlets of Oudh 1590, the décor of this outlet too has been done keeping in mind the Indo-Saracenic Architecture by National Award winning Art Director Nitish Roy. A meal for two will cost Rs 1200 exclusive of taxes, and timings will be from 12 noon to 3:30 pm and 6:30 pm to 10:30 pm.last_img read more

first_imgNew Delhi: The Supreme Court on Monday gave an ultimatum to the Madras High Court saying the interim ban on TikTok video streaming app will end if the high court did not decide on it by April 24. The top court’s direction came after counsel Abhishek Manu Singhvi said the order could not be passed without hearing him and the experts. The apex court said if the high court does not pass the order in the next two days then the interim stay will be vacated.last_img

first_imgReal Madrid is reportedly getting ready to offer Karim Benzema to Paris Saint-Germain in a bid to seal the transfer of midfielder Marco Verratti.Real Madrid are eyeing the transfer of Marco Verratti in a potential swap deal with PSGNew PSG manager Thomas Tuchel is a fan of Benzema, who has not looked at his best for Real Madrid in the season just gone. It’s easy to see why Tuchel might want a player of Benzema’s quality and experience in his PSG side as he is tasked with turning the Ligue 1 champions into potential Champions League contenders according to Don Balonharry maguire, manchester UnitedMaguire says United need to build on today’s win George Patchias – September 14, 2019 Harry Maguire wants his United teammates to build on the victory over Leicester City.During the summer, Harry Maguire was referred to as the ultimate…It is obvious PSG have under-achieved in Europe in recent times while Benzema has played his part in three Real Madrid wins in the last four seasons, as well as reaching this year’s final.Meanwhile, Verratti would make a fine signing for Madrid as Luka Modric enters into the latter stages of his career, and the Italy international has generally been one of the best in Europe in his position so far.United are closing in on the transfer of Shakhtar Donetsk ace Fred in that position.last_img read more