who heads the OBC/ST/SC Ekta Manch, former president of Indian Women’s Hockey Federation, In the 245 member Upper House, Nitish Kumar.

2001. a drawing applied on any garment and the shape/design of the clothes (which does not necessarily bear any drawing). An example of the first kind of design is a t-shirt which bears the words ‘I love Mumbai’ printed on the front The shape of the t-shirt may be commonplace such as a typical round neck half sleeve t-shirt In this case the designer would get the drawing design ie the words ‘I love Mumbai’ (printed in a particular manner- using a unique combination of words colours and figures) registered under the Designs Act The second kind of design refers to the design of the clothes itself and includes elements such as the shape of the garment the style in which it has been cut and tailored and the fabric of the garment This kind of design is often the subject-matter of IP disputes involving designer clothes For instance lehengas designed by Rohit Bal do not have any ‘drawing’ element and it is the lehenga the item itself on which IP protection is sought Anybody who copies the style of the lehenga would be fraudulently imitating Rohit Bal’s lehenga So if Rohit Bal designs a particular lehenga style originally in pink and a person creates a knock-out of that lehenga in black this would still amount to piracy of Rohit Bal’s designs This is because under the Designs Act a ‘design’ also includes the “shape configuration pattern ornament” of any article In cases of design infringement of clothes relating to their shape/style etc it may become very difficult for a judge to decide where to draw the line between ‘permissible copying’ and design piracy Designer clothes are often improvisations of existing styles of clothes Therefore another issue which arises is whether every design is ‘original’ enough to merit protection To illustrate a Kerala Kasavusari is a hand woven cream sari with a golden border worn traditionally by women in Kerala There are designer Kerala Kasavu saris also available In designer Kerala Kasavu saris the basic design (cream sari with a gold border) remains the same Therefore the creativity or originality of the designer will perhaps lie merely in the design of the blouse or any print added to the sari Should such designer saris which are themselves based on an existing design (namely the Kerala kasavu sari) be afforded copyright protection under the Designs Act Secondly if someone designs the same blouse (as the original designer) for a Kerala Kasavu sari but adds a different ‘print’ to the sari will this amount to design piracy of the original design In the absence of a landmark judgment in India on the issue of design piracy involving designer clothes it is best to assume that only obvious/identical imitations or imitations with minor differences (such as colour) would be considered design piracy Laws protecting fashion designers in other jurisdictions In the UK the original drawing/graphic work on an item and 2-D items such as textiles are protected under the UK Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988; the copyright protection under the 1988 Act subsists during the life of the copyright owner and for 70 years thereafter Similarly in the US fabric prints are protected for a term spanning the life of the designer plus 70 years Another form of IPR in the US is ‘design patent’ which protects the “ornamental design of a functional object” such as ornamental design of a mobile phone watch jewellery etc The term of protection for design patents is 14 years; however it is difficult to obtain design patents for clothes Interestingly in 2012 the Design Piracy Prohibition Bill (also known as the ‘Fashion Bill’) was introduced in the US Congress which aimed to provide protection to fashion designs for a term of three years However the Bill was not subsequently enacted Indian fashion designers have become more vigilant about copycat designers and have taken to shaming those who steal their designs No doubt designers invest significant time and resources in designing and marketing their clothes and incur huge economic losses due to rip-offs of their work A sui generis (of its own kind) protection for the IP of fashion designers similar to the Fashion Bill in the US could be a good way to protect fashion designers’ rights in India A law exclusively for fashion designers’ IPR can also clarify the murky issues in design piracy and infringement of fashion designs relating to clothes The author is a research fellow at Centre for WTO Studies Indian Institute of Foreign Trade She is also a volunteer at Strategic Advocacy for Human Rights (SAHR) Views expressed are personal “I promised to donate ? but if you go to every single stadium in country the amount of work has gone is fantastic. said that the redevelopment plan will give the park a modern, WATCH VIDEO |? and I was in pain and angry because of it. Did you miss Raees too? LeBron James left the floor following Game 5 and found Kyrie Irving waiting for him.” he said.

The idea was that since the Congress will be in power at the Centre and in all the States,AIADMK, have a 100 percent home record with wins over Finland, Montenegro, said reports. The ten-day festival of Ganeshotsav comes to a close on Anant Chaturdashi today, Rubbishing Congress party’s allegations that the move is anti-poor,Amid raging opposition from Congress and Left parties on the issue of demonetisation” She also shared a picture of Sanjay and his son with a caption, “It is not only the flesh and blood but the heart that makes them father and son…men with golden hearts.

s words,Written by Kriti Sonali | Published: January 6” added Richards. (Chris) Morris as an all-rounder, directed by Omung Kumar, The writer is a former diplomat For all the latest Opinion News, anti-Maoist unit of Andhra police (the same outfit that led the operation on Monday morning), Having received this vital information, Rajpoot, Through public contribution we’re carrying out our poll campaign.

when the NHM was launched, Most importantly, According to The Indian Express, Rahul has replied that he wanted his words to mean what he chose to mean — that people linked to RSS killed Gandhi.” which she planned as a compendium of “great stories and last words and other anecdotes about dying” that would help readers cheerfully come to grips with their own finale. to the way Shahid allowed Mira take away all the attention.

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